Perhaps you’ve had with lymphoma and leukemia that are both called blood cancers. In fact, sometimes there are some symptoms of the two are similar, such as swollen lymph nodes. But actually, these two diseases are very different and attack the body parts are not the same. Both lymphoma and leukemia are more common in men than women. So, how to distinguish between these two types of blood cancer? What are the differences between lymphoma and leukemia? You can learn more in hope 4 cancer.
Although both blood cancer, the cause of both of course different. Leukemia occurs when the bone marrow produces too many abnormal white blood cells. This cancer usually grows slowly, but in some cases, this disease can also grow quickly. If a person suffers from leukemia, their abnormal white blood cells accumulate and develop rapidly. This ends up making very little space for the red blood cells the body needs to carry oxygen. The number of red blood cells will gradually decrease.
There are four main types of leukemia, grouped by their growth rates and where cancer originates from the body. Types of leukemia include:
– Acute myeloblastic leukemia
– Chronic myelocytic leukemia
– Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
– Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
In contrast to lymphomas that affect and begin with the lymph nodes and lymphocytes. Lymphocytes are one type of white blood cells. There are two types of lymphocytes, B cells, and T cells. There are two main types of lymphoma:
– Hodgkin’s lymphoma, which involves an abnormal type of B cell lymphocyte called the Red-Sternberg cell. These include lymphomas that are less common
– Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, which can occur in B cells or T cells.
This type of lymphoma will affect the symptoms of each type and determine the treatment options.
Leukemia and lymphoma are diagnosed differently, but they still require the recording of medical history and physical examination. To diagnose leukemia, your doctor will perform a blood test to look for an abnormal amount of blood. In addition, doctors will also perform a bone marrow biopsy. In some cases, doctors may also request a chromosome test or an X-ray or CT scan.
Meanwhile, to diagnose lymphoma, the doctor will perform a biopsy on enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, armpit or groin. If the results of the biopsy are suspected of having lymphoma, then the doctor will also perform advanced examination such as bone marrow biopsy or CT scan to determine the stage of cancer.